History of Bounce Houses – Ancient Rome to Today

Did you know that bouncing in a bounce house has become the modern-day equivalent of dining while reclining in ancient Rome? Yup, that’s right. Just like how only the wealthy could afford the servants needed to eat while lounging, recently only the rich and famous could afford to rent a bounce house for their extravagant parties. But over the last ten years, things have changed, bounce house designs have improved and now almost anyone can now afford an air filled, mini amusement ride. It’s all about the inflatable fun now.

Tennis and the Bounce House: How it All Began

In 1959, John Scurlock, an inquisitive mechanical engineer with a passion for physics, made an intriguing discovery while experimenting with inflatable covers for tennis courts in Shreveport, Louisiana. Observing his employees gleefully bouncing on the covers, he embarked on a path of innovation. Scurlock became a trailblazer in the realm of inflatables, developing remarkable creations such as inflatable domes, tents, signs, and his most noteworthy invention—the safety air cushion, an invaluable tool used by fire and rescue departments to safeguard individuals jumping from significant heights or buildings.

The birthplace of the first space walk manufacturing company was a leased warehouse situated in New Orleans, which happened to be engaged in the production of horse pads. It was within these walls that a new era was ushered in. Meanwhile, Frances, John’s enterprising wife, seized the opportunity and founded the inaugural inflatable rental company in 1968. 

As demand soared, a dedicated production and rental facility materialized in 1976, marking a significant milestone in their journey. They targeted children’s events, including birthday parties, school fairs, and company picnics, as the perfect venues for their space walks. However, the early iterations of these inflatables lacked the enclosed structures that ensure today’s safety standards were met, posing potential hazards.

Frank Scurlock, their visionary son, carried forth their rental concept and popularized it throughout the United States under the renowned brand names Space Walk and Inflatable Zoo. But Frank’s ambitions didn’t stop there. On a momentous Thanksgiving Day in 1986, he unveiled Fun Factory, the first-ever all-inflatable indoor play park in Metairie, Louisiana. This groundbreaking concept garnered significant attention and inspired Frank to establish a second location, Fun Plex, in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1987. Unfortunately, due to skyrocketing property values, both sites eventually had to close their doors. 

The inaugural inflatable creation, known as the Space Pillow, resembled an open-top mattress without sides. However, in 1967, they introduced the pressurized Space Walk version, equipped with two fans that, despite its popularity, proved to be a hot affair during summertime, reminiscent of a greenhouse. It was this version that eventually lent its name to the company.

With the scorching heat conundrum in mind, the ingenious minds behind the operation devised a brilliant solution in 1974. They gave birth to the Jupiter Jump line of inflatables, featuring inflated columns that provided structural support while allowing air to freely circulate through the netting walls. Building upon this innovative style, they expanded their offerings to include a captivating array of castles and animal-themed inflatables collectively known as the Inflatable Zoo. 

In the early 1990s, Frank introduced yet another groundbreaking concept—the Aqua Tunnel, the world’s first commercial inflatable water slide. The presence of Space Walk inflatables at prestigious events such as the IAAPA convention, Showmen’s Club, and the American Rental Association was a testament to the company’s pioneering spirit and dedication to the industry.

Historical Bouncy Castle Blue and Red

The Evolution of Bounce Houses: Materials and Design Innovations

The earliest versions of bounce houses, dating back to their inception, were predominantly constructed using canvas or nylon fabric. These materials provided a basic structure that could be inflated with the help of blower motors or fans. While functional, these early models lacked the durability and intricate designs that would later revolutionize the industry.

With the advancement of technology in the 1970s and 80s, manufacturers began exploring new materials that would enhance the quality and longevity of bounce houses. One such material that gained prominence was vinyl. Known for its resilience and strength, vinyl brought a significant improvement to the durability of bounce houses. It was capable of withstanding the rigors of active play and prolonged use, making it ideal for commercial applications.

In addition to vinyl, polyurethane fabrics emerged as another innovative material for bounce house construction. The incorporation of polyurethane fabrics further enhanced the structural integrity and longevity of these inflatable structures. The material’s exceptional tear resistance and ability to maintain its shape even under substantial stress made it a valuable asset in ensuring the safety and longevity of bounce houses.

As bounce houses evolved in terms of materials, so did their designs. The introduction of vinyl and polyurethane fabrics opened up a world of possibilities for creative and elaborate bounce house designs. Manufacturers began to push the boundaries of imagination, incorporating exciting features and elements into their designs.

Slides became a popular addition to bounce houses, allowing children to experience an extra thrill as they descended from elevated platforms. Tunnels were introduced to create pathways and add an element of adventure to the bouncing experience. Obstacle courses, complete with inflatable barriers, tunnels, and climbing walls, were developed to challenge children’s agility and provide a dynamic play environment.

With these design innovations, bounce houses evolved from simple structures into immersive play zones that offered a variety of engaging activities. The introduction of slides, tunnels, and obstacle courses transformed bounce houses into multifunctional play areas, captivating children’s imaginations and providing endless hours of fun.

Furthermore, the advancements in materials and designs also brought about improvements in safety features. Reinforced seams, secure anchoring systems, and enhanced stability became standard practices, ensuring a secure and enjoyable bouncing experience for children.

Today, the bounce house industry continues to evolve, with ongoing research and development aimed at further enhancing materials, designs, and safety standards. The incorporation of high-quality materials, innovative design elements, and a commitment to safety has transformed bounce houses into beloved attractions, making them a staple in children’s parties, events, and entertainment venues worldwide.

Bounce Houses Take Over: Their Rise in Popularity

In the 1980s, bounce houses began to become commercially popular due to their increasing affordability and availability. As time went on, they gained further acceptance in society and began being used at birthday parties, carnivals, festivals, grand openings, and other public events. They quickly became a staple of entertainment for children looking to have an exciting and interactive experience.

Today’s modern bounce houses are much larger and feature numerous attachments such as basketball hoops, climbing walls, water sprays, ramps, trampolines, obstacle courses and more. They have become a popular form of entertainment for children all over the world. 

Historical Timeline for the Evolution of Bounce Houses


John Scurlock designs the first inflatable structure while experimenting with inflatable covers for tennis courts. This marks the early stages of inflatable technology.


Bounce houses emerge as a popular form of entertainment for children’s parties and events. Early models are constructed using canvas or nylon fabric and are primarily inflated with blower motors or fans.


Technological advancements lead to the use of more durable materials. Vinyl and polyurethane fabrics are introduced, providing improved strength and longevity to bounce houses.


Bounce houses gain popularity as commercial rental products, becoming a staple in children’s events such as birthday parties, school fairs, and company picnics.


Design innovations transform bounce houses into multifunctional play zones. Features like slides, tunnels, and obstacle courses are incorporated, offering more interactive and engaging experiences for children.

Late 1990s

Safety standards for bounce houses are established and improved. Reinforced seams, secure anchoring systems, and enhanced stability become standard practices to ensure the safety of users.


Bounce houses continue to evolve with advancements in technology and design. Inflatable structures become larger, more complex, and visually appealing, capturing children’s imaginations.


Commercial bounce houses incorporate themed designs, featuring popular characters, movie tie-ins, and interactive elements to enhance the play experience.

Present: Bounce houses have become a widespread form of entertainment, available in various sizes, shapes, and designs. They are commonly found in amusement parks, indoor play centers, and outdoor events.

Throughout its evolution, the bounce house industry has continually focused on improving safety features, enhancing materials for durability, and expanding the range of imaginative designs to cater to the diverse needs and preferences of children and event organizers.

History of the Bounce House Bouncy Castle

The Future of Bounce Houses: Endless Possibilities

Bounce houses have a bright future ahead of them, with endless possibilities for new designs and features. Advances in materials and technology have allowed for stronger and more durable structures, which means bounce houses can be used for longer periods of time and in various weather conditions. 

In addition to traditional bouncing activities, we may see more interactive and engaging experiences in bounce houses, such as virtual reality adventures or educational games. We are already seeing bounce houses that combine a traditional feel with a modern twist by incorporating trampolines into the design. As people continue to seek new and exciting forms of entertainment, the demand for innovative bounce house designs will likely increase. 

With growing concerns about environmental sustainability, we may also see more eco-friendly bounce house options that use renewable energy sources or biodegradable materials. Overall, the future of bounce houses, bouncy castles and maybe even bouncy mansions is bright, and there are many exciting developments on the horizon for this beloved form of entertainment.

From its modest beginnings in 1949 to its current status as a beloved source of entertainment, the history of bounce houses is one that has seen many changes over the years. But despite the ever-evolving designs and materials used to make them, their purpose remains the same: to provide hours of fun and joy for both adults and children alike. With their ability to bring smiles to faces all around the world, it’s no wonder why bounce houses remain such a popular form of entertainment.

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